You Are Here: Home » World » How Many People Died in The Holocaust

How Many People Died in The Holocaust

The death toll due to the Holocaust was around 6 million people. With the highest death toll being the Jew then the Soviet POW’s. Deaths from being tortured, starvation, gas chambers & from illness’s.

The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide of approximately six million European Jews during World War II, a programme of systematic state-sponsored murder by Germany, led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, throughout German-occupied territory. Of the nine million Jews who had resided in Europe before the Holocaust, approximately two-thirds perished. In particular, over one million Jewish children were killed in the Holocaust, as were approximately two million Jewish women and three million Jewish men.

Some scholars maintain that the definition of the Holocaust should also include the Nazis’ genocide of millions of people in other groups, including Romani, communists, Soviet prisoners of war, Polish and Soviet civilians, homosexuals, people with disabilities, Jehovah’s Witnesses and other political and religious opponents, which occurred regardless of whether they were of German or non-German ethnic origin. This was the most common definition from the end of WWII to the 1960s. Using this definition, the total number of Holocaust victims is between 11 million and 17 million people. Henry Friedlander argues that “the Nazis applied a consistent and inclusive policy of extermination only against three groups of human beings: the handicapped, Jews, and Gypsies.”

The persecution and genocide were carried out in stages. Various laws to remove the Jews from civil society, most prominently the Nuremberg Laws, were enacted in Germany years before the outbreak of World War II. Concentration camps were established in which inmates were subjected to slave labor until they died of exhaustion or disease. Where Germany conquered new territory in eastern Europe, specialized units called Einsatzgruppen murdered Jews and political opponents in mass shootings. The occupiers required Jews and Romani to be confined in overcrowded ghettos before being transported by freight train to extermination camps where, if they survived the journey, most were systematically killed in gas chambers.

Every arm of Germany’s bureaucracy was involved in the logistics that led to the genocides, turning the Third Reich into what one Holocaust scholar has called “a genocidal state”.

Although the exact figure will never be known, here are estimates:
The figure of 11 million people dead is often given but it is completely unclear where this figure comes from, and how it is calculated. It is far too low. One also encounters the range 11-17 million.
6 million of these were Jewish (close to two thirds of Europe’s Jewish population) and about one quarter of these were children under 15. Up to 270,000 were Roma/Sinti (Gypsies).

In addition, Hitler targeted homosexuals, Communists and other political dissidents, most Slavs, Jehovah’s Witnesses, dissidents, some Protestant pastors and Catholic priests, black people, the mentally and physically disabled, and others. The figures include the camps as well as the mass graves in the countryside, killings in the street, organized mass shootings (such as Babi Yar, etc.) and basically, any person singled out for their race, religion, political beliefs, or their sexual orientation.

Extermination camps

  • Auschwitz II – 1,000,000
  • Belzec – 600,000
  • Chełmno – 320,000
  • Jasenovac – 58–97,000
  • Majdanek – 360,000
  • Maly Trostinets – 65,000
  • Sobibor – 250,000
  • Treblinka – 870,000

How many jews died in the holocaust?

  • Jews – 5.9 million
  • Soviet POWs – 2–3 million
  • Ethnic Poles – 1.8–2 million
  • Romani – 220,000–1,500,000
  • Disabled – 200,000–250,000
  • Freemasons – 80,000
  • Slovenes – 20,000–25,000
  • Homosexuals – 5,000–15,000
  • Jehovah’s Witnesses – 2,500–5,000

Holocaust by country

Country Estimated
Pre-War
Jewish
population
Estimated
killed
Percent
killed
Poland 3,300,000 3,000,000 90
Baltic countries 253,000 228,000 90
Germany & Austria 240,000 210,000 90
Bohemia & Moravia 90,000 80,000 89
Slovakia 90,000 75,000 83
Greece 70,000 54,000 77
Netherlands 140,000 105,000 75
Hungary 650,000 450,000 70
Byelorussian SSR 375,000 245,000 65
Ukrainian SSR 1,500,000 900,000 60
Belgium 65,000 40,000 60
Yugoslavia 43,000 26,000 60
Romania 600,000 300,000 50
Norway 2,173 890 41
France 350,000 90,000 26
Bulgaria 64,000 14,000 22
Italy 40,000 8,000 20
Luxembourg 5,000 1,000 20
Russian SFSR 975,000 107,000 11
Finland 2,000 22 1
Denmark 8,000 52 <1
Total 8,861,800 5,933,900 67
Tags:


Leave a Comment


eight + = 17

Copyright © 2012-2013 How Many Are There. How many are there questions and answers.

Scroll to top