You Are Here: Home » World » How Many Provinces in Canada

How Many Provinces in Canada

There are 10 provinces and 3 territories. The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second-largest country by area. The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces are jurisdictions that receive their power and authority directly from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territories derive their mandates and powers from the federal government. In modern Canadian constitutional theory, the provinces are considered to be co-sovereign divisions, and each province has its own “Crown” represented by the lieutenant-governor, whereas the territories are not sovereign, but simply parts of the federal realm, and have a commissioner.

Provinces of Canada

  1. Alberta (AB)
  2. British Columbia (BC)
  3. Manitoba (MB)
  4. New Brunswick (NB)
  5. Newfoundland and Labrador (NL)
  6. Nova Scotia (NS)
  7. Ontario (ON)
  8. Prince Edward Island (PE)
  9. Quebec (QC)
  10. Saskatchewan (SK)

Territories of Canada

  1. Northwest Territories (NT)
  2. Nunavut (NU)
  3. Yukon (YT)

Provinces

Alberta (AB)

  • Capital: Edmonton
  • Largest city (by population): Calgary
  • Entered Confederation: September 1, 1905
  • Population (May 2011): 3,645,257
  • Area: land (km2): 642,317
  • Area: water (km2): 19,531
  • Area: total (km2): 661,848

British Columbia (BC)

  • Capital: Victoria
  • Largest city (by population): Vancouver
  • Entered Confederation: July 20, 1871
  • Population (May 2011): 4,400,057
  • Area: land (km2): 925,186
  • Area: water (km2): 19,549
  • Area: total (km2): 944,735

Manitoba (MB)

  • Capital: Winnipeg
  • Largest city (by population): Winnipeg
  • Entered Confederation: July 15, 1870
  • Population (May 2011): 1,208,268
  • Area: land (km2): 553,556
  • Area: water (km2): 94,241
  • Area: total (km2): 647,797

New Brunswick (NB)

  • Capital: Fredericton
  • Largest city (by population): Saint John
  • Entered Confederation: July 1, 1867
  • Population (May 2011): 751,171
  • Area: land (km2): 71,450
  • Area: water (km2): 1,458
  • Area: total (km2): 72,908

Newfoundland and Labrador (NL)

  • Capital: St. John’s
  • Largest city (by population): St. John’s
  • Entered Confederation: March 31, 1949
  • Population (May 2011): 514,536
  • Area: land (km2): 373,872
  • Area: water (km2): 31,340
  • Area: total (km2): 405,212

Nova Scotia (NS)

  • Capital: Halifax
  • Largest city (by population): Halifax
  • Entered Confederation: July 1, 1867
  • Population (May 2011): 921,727
  • Area: land (km2): 53,338
  • Area: water (km2): 1,946
  • Area: total (km2): 55,284

Ontario (ON)

  • Capital: Toronto
  • Largest city (by population): Toronto
  • Entered Confederation: July 1, 1867
  • Population (May 2011): 12,851,821
  • Area: land (km2): 917,741
  • Area: water (km2): 158,654
  • Area: total (km2): 1,076,395

Prince Edward Island (PE)

  • Capital: Charlottetown
  • Largest city (by population): Charlottetown
  • Entered Confederation: July 1, 1873
  • Population (May 2011): 140,204
  • Area: land (km2): 5,660
  • Area: water (km2): -
  • Area: total (km2): 5,660

Quebec (QC)

  • Capital: Quebec City
  • Largest city (by population): Montreal
  • Entered Confederation: July 1, 1867
  • Population (May 2011): 7,903,001
  • Area: land (km2): 1,356,128
  • Area: water (km2): 185,928
  • Area: total (km2): 1,542,056

Saskatchewan (SK)

  • Capital: Regina
  • Largest city (by population): Saskatoon
  • Entered Confederation: September 1, 1905
  • Population (May 2011): 1,033,381
  • Area: land (km2): 591,670
  • Area: water (km2): 59,366
  • Area: total (km2): 651,036

Territories

Northwest Territories (NT)

  • Capital and Largest city: Yellowknife
  • Entered Confederation: July 15, 1870
  • Population (May 2011): 41,462
  • Area: land (km2): 1,183,085
  • Area: water (km2): 163,021
  • Area: total (km2): 1,346,106

Nunavut (NU)

  • Capital and Largest city: Iqaluit
  • Entered Confederation: April 1, 1999
  • Population (May 2011): 31,906
  • Area: land (km2): 1,936,113
  • Area: water (km2): 157,077
  • Area: total (km2): 2,093,190

Yukon (YT)

  • Capital and Largest city: Whitehorse
  • Entered Confederation: June 13, 1898
  • Population (May 2011): 33,897
  • Area: land (km2): 474,391
  • Area: water (km2): 8,052
  • Area: total (km2): 482,443

Current provincial/territorial governments (2012)

Province Lieutenant-governor/
commissioner
Premier Party in government Majority/Minority
Ontario David Onley Dalton McGuinty Ontario Liberal Party Minority
Quebec Pierre Duchesne Pauline Marois Parti québécois Minority
Nova Scotia John James Grant Darrell Dexter Nova Scotia New Democratic Party Majority
New Brunswick Graydon Nicholas David Alward New Brunswick Progressive Conservative Party Majority
Manitoba Philip S. Lee Greg Selinger New Democratic Party of Manitoba Majority
British Columbia Steven Point Christy Clark British Columbia Liberal Party Majority
Prince Edward Island Frank Lewis Robert Ghiz Prince Edward Island Liberal Party Majority
Saskatchewan Vaughn Solomon Schofield Brad Wall Saskatchewan Party Majority
Alberta Donald Ethell Alison Redford Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta Majority
Newfoundland & Labrador John Crosbie Kathy Dunderdale Progressive Conservative Party of Newfoundland and Labrador Majority
Northwest Territories George Tuccaro Bob McLeod Consensus government None
Yukon Doug Phillips Darrell Pasloski Yukon Party Majority
Nunavut Edna Elias Eva Aariak Consensus government None
Tags:


Leave a Comment


+ six = 13

Copyright © 2012-2013 How Many Are There. How many are there questions and answers.

Scroll to top