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How Many Languages Are There in the World

You may be surprised, but it is a very difficult task for linguists to give the correct answer to the question, “How many languages are there in the world?” Before they can start counting, they have to solve some other problems. What can be defined as a separate language? Should dialects2 be added to the general number? Can you always understand the difference between a language and a dialect? How many people must speak the language? Is it obligatory for a language to be written? And this list of questions can be very long…

If you do not want to go into detail, just trust in professionals’ opinions, which state the following:

  • There are from 6800 to 6900 distinct languages in the modern world

As you see, even scientists are not able to give a more or less exact number. The Ethnologue organization speaks about approximately 6900 languages, and specialists from the National Virtual Translation Center agree with it. The Linguistic Society of America says that there are about 6800 spoken languages.

In fact, from time to time different languages disappear, because peoples speaking them die out or assimilate with other peoples. Thus, their languages become extinct. Have you ever heard about “dead languages”? Latin is the most striking example.

The Most Popular Language in the World

Do you know what language is the most widely spoken one? If you think it is English, you are badly mistaken. Look at the table below.

Language Number of native speakers
Mandarin Chinese about 880 million
Spanish about 325 million
English about 315-380 million
Arabic about 205-425 million
Hindu about 185 million
Portuguese about 180 million
Bengali about 175 million
Russian about 145 million
Japanese about 130 million
German about 95 million

As you can see, the main problem is to estimate the number of speakers of Arabic.

Interesting Facts about Languages

Here you will find some really interesting facts about languages.

  • The population of Europe is about ¼ of the whole world, but Europeans speak only 234 languages.
  • About 94% of all languages are regularly spoken by just 6% of the population of the world.
  • Most languages are constantly used by less than one thousand native speakers.
  • K. David Harrison, a linguist from the Swarthmore College, predicts that by 2050 about 90% of spoken languages will be dead.
  • In Papua New Guinea there are less than 5.5 million citizens and about 830 languages spoken by them.
  • The United Nation has six official languages, used in meetings: Arabic, Chinese, French, English, Spanish, and Russian.
  • Esperanto is the most popular artificial language.
  • The number of speakers of English in China is larger than in the USA.

If you want to get a neat definition of a language, you can use the utterance of some anonymous New York teacher, who said that any dialect can be called a language if it has its army and its navy.

Source : a


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